- A plot of private land that Portland baseball backers were eyeing for a stadium has been sold to another developer, but they could still sell or lease it for baseball. Portland is definitely at the forefront of not just handing land to the local sports team for whatever price it wants, though of course it doesn’t hurt that there isn’t an actual local sports team in question right now, just the idle thought of one someday.
- Tampa Bay Rays chief development officer Melanie Lenz says the team will decide in six to nine months whether an Ybor City stadium will work; I’d think they’d want to know who’s going to pay for it first, but maybe that’s what they need the six to nine months for: bribery. (I typed “lobbying,” right? Pretty sure I did, note to self to go back and check.)
- D.C. United is about to open its new stadium with the help of $183 million in public money, and has belatedly noticed that its TV camera angles will be all screwed up because the sun sets in the west. Who could have known something like that?
- A group of Inglewood residents is suing to block the proposed Los Angeles Clippers arena project, which is not surprising; more surprising is that they attempted to serve Mayor James Butts with lawsuit papers during Tuesday’s city council meeting, causing the council to abruptly call a halt to the meeting and run away.
- The Cincinnati Reds are asking for $88,000 in state tax breaks on bobbleheads, on the grounds that they’re included in the price of ticket packages and not being sold separately, even though the ticket package costs more specifically because it includes a bobblehead. I shoulda been a tax lawyer.
- The Philadelphia Phillies are asking for $40 million in hotel tax money from Pinellas County for a new renovations to their spring-training stadium in Clearwater, but the county has run out of hotel tax money because it already spent it on other projects, including the Rays’ Tropicana Field and a spring-training facility for the Toronto Blue Jays, along with a bunch of museums and the like. Opportunity cost!
- A Spectrum News Charlotte headline asks the question: “Does Charlotte need a domed stadium? City leaders are trying to figure it out.” I got an answer for you, Spectrum News Charlotte! (Also, Spectrum News Charlotte, the Atlanta Falcons‘ stadium didn’t really involve a “public investment” of only $200 million. Your friends across town the state at Fox 8 got it right, you might wanna talk to them.)
About 100 F.C. Cincinnati fans attended a Hamilton County Commission meeting last night to urge the commission to spend $100 million on a new soccer stadium for the USL team, which is hoping to land an MLS expansion franchise. County Commission President Todd Portune, however, told them that “we have more projects than we have money,” with the county facing $1.5 billion in pending capital projects. Like, the county jail is overcrowded and needs expansion, and a new waterfront development project is still mostly undeveloped, and, um:
The city’s two current major league sports teams — the Reds and the Bengals — will eventually come knocking on the county’s door for a new deal. The Bengals stadium lease with the county expires in 2026 with the Reds’ lease expiring a few years after. Combined, the two stadiums could need more than $200 million in upgrades within the next decade.
“While no one is talking about demoing these stadiums, we know there will be substantial maintenance (needs),” [Hamilton County Administrator Jeff] Alutto said.
Those leases running out are worth planning ahead for, I suppose, but it’s still a little worrisome that Hamilton County is already budgeting for stadium renovation “needs” that the teams haven’t even asked for yet. Apparently either somebody hasn’t gotten the memo that it’s okay to demand that taxpayers not take a bath on stadium projects, or else Hamilton County leaders think that Cincinnati has less leverage to keep its teams without bribing them to stay, which, okay, maybe.
That said, the rest of the county’s wish list includes a $230 million convention center expansion and a $342 million rebuild of the city’s arena, neither of which exactly seems like a “need” per se. If the only choice for Hamilton County is which dumb project for private profit to sink public money into, I can sort of see why soccer fans would feel justified in saying, “Us first!” Too bad overcrowded prisoners don’t have fan clubs.
Hamilton County’s sweetheart deals with its sports teams doesn’t stop at having to build a new scoreboard for the Cincinnati Bengals: The county also has to replace all the seats at the Reds‘ stadium, just 11 years after it opened, because the old ones all broke and they were out of warranty. (Yes, apparently Hamilton County couldn’t even buy seats that were guaranteed to last a decade. Yes, apparently Hamilton County around the turn of the millennium had the worst contract negotiators ever.)
This will all cost county taxpayers $1.3 million, but on the bright side I guess at least it’ll create some decent local jobs for seat installers—
County officials say they saved more than $3 million by hiring a local company to design new seats and hiring former jail inmates – participants in a county work re-entry program – to install them.
Pay for this seat installation work? $10 an hour. Okay, so Hamilton County knows how to play hardball with some people — just not so much sports team owners.
One of the perks of building a new MLB stadium is that your city can get in line to host an All-Star Game: Of the last 17 All-Star Games, all but two have been held in recently built stadiums
“We want to make the ballpark shine,” said Hamilton County’s stadium Director Joe Feldkamp. Many of the fixes on the list, he said, were being planned anyway and are just being sped up. Reds Chief Operating Officer Phil Castellini said the improvements are needed to “allow our community to be viewed in the best possible light when we have the honor of hosting the All-Star Game in 2015,” he wrote in an email to the Enquirer.
Actually, $5 million isn’t all that much to spend on stadium upgrades, especially since Hamilton County is already on the hook for all capital maintenance costs for the Reds. (And the Bengals, who are demanding $21.8 million of their own improvements to Paul Brown Stadium.) But it is a reminder of why signing a lease that commits taxpayers to pay for future improvements is a terrible, terrible idea. And with Hamilton County already having sold off a public hospital in 2011 and raised property taxes in 2012 to pay for past stadium debts, it’s going to be interesting to see what they turn to next. No, probably not that.
There was literally a ton of stadium and arena news over the weekend, so it’s time to deal with most of them via bullet points:
- Remember how Hamilton County filled next year’s gap in funding for the Cincinnati Reds and Bengals stadiums by selling off a public hospital? Apparently they haven’t yet, and the deadline for payment is just three weeks away. Also, part of the plan involved cutting costs and holding more events at the stadiums, but that’s not “practical or dependable,” according to the county’s tax expert. If they manage to get this straightened out, they can do it all over again with next year’s funding gap!
- Sacramento Bee columnist Ailene Voisin notes that the lieutenant governor of Nevada tells her (via cellphone) that if the Kings‘ new arena gets built, it could host hockey and curling during the 2022 Winter Olympics if Reno-Tahoe is chosen to host. Which tells us three important things: Reno and Tahoe think they can host the Winter Olympics; Nevada has a lieutenant governor; and it lets him have his own cellphone.
- There’s a new plan for that D.C. United stadium at Buzzard Point … okay, it’s actually a plan from 2010. And the main upshot is that five different property owners have pieces of the site, making a deal tough to accomplish. Also that the plan marks one part of the site as “Future Velodrome.” Presumably this means a velodrome to be built later, but I prefer to think that it means a place for racing these.
- The Miami Marlins‘ fans may be cranky about parking, but it hasn’t stopped them from snapping up tickets: ever-quotable team president David Samson claims that the team has gone from “No. 125 — counting minor league teams” in season-ticket sales to the top third in MLB, with close to 15,000 season seats sold. Of course, even these guys had strong ticket sales their first year in a new place; the trick will be to see if the Marlins can keep drawing fans past the honeymoon phase, and into Jose Reyes’ first extended trip to the DL.
- Ray Ratto has summed up the Giants–A’s territorial rights dustup in one act. Key quote: “If I could convince Mom and Dad to stop feeding you so you would die and I could bury you in the backyard, I would.”
The Hamilton County Commission has finally agreed on a plan that would allow them to keep paying off the Cincinnati Reds and Bengals stadiums while still handing out the property tax break that was agreed to as part of the stadium deal (and which is so important to county taxpayers, especially if they’re really rich). Under the new plan, the county will sell Drake Hospital to a private corporation for $15 million, helping to close next year’s $14 million stadium budget gap.
It’s still not clear whether the gambit would be legal — earlier reports suggested that any proceeds from hospital sales are legally required to go to health care — but that’s the kind of thing that can be worried about later. Sort of like how the county is going to pay the following year’s stadium budget gap, assuming the economy doesn’t pick up by then and start generating bucketloads of sales taxes. But surely we don’t have to worry about that, right?
With Thanksgiving making for an epically slow news weekend — aside from for those reporters lucky enough to cover Black Friday pepper-spray incidents — we were instead treated to a smorgasbord of stadium non-news stories this weekend:
- Rich people pay more property taxes while the poor and middle class pay more sales taxes, reports Cincinnati.com. This is considered newsworthy because the deal to cut property taxes following a sales-tax hike to pay for new Bengals and Reds stadium will mean not just a massive transfer of funds from taxpayers to the sports team, but also from the hoi polloi to the hoity toity: “The half-cent stadium sales tax paid by homeowners is estimated by the county to be a maximum $192 annually, while owners of the county’s highest-value homes get rollback rebates of $1,175 or more — netting them nearly $1,000 apiece under the current structure.”
- The NBA lockout looks to be over, and everybody in Sacramento is back to saying what they were saying before about a new Kings arena. “Our position from day one is that this has never been about building a facility to benefit a professional sports team,” said Mayor Kevin Johnson, who two years ago kicked off his arena campaign by declaring that without one the Kings “very may well look elsewhere.” The apparent end of the lockout “is good for the efforts to keep the Kings in Sacramento,” said Michael Ault of the Downtown Sacramento Partnership, which is working on efforts to keep the Kings in Sacramento. And a local economic consultant and a woman who runs a restaurant said they hoped the end of the lockout would help the economy. This is considered newsworthy because it’s the same thing the Sacramento Bee runs every other day, and the announced resumption of the NBA season gave them an excuse to run it on page one.
- The San Francisco 49ers are winning, but don’t have a new stadium yet, writes the San Francisco Chronicle. And they’re not especially talking to San Francisco about one, while continuing to pursue one in Santa Clara. This is considered newsworthy because … okay, I’m stumped on this one. Maybe the reporter was originally assigned to cover Black Friday, but came away empty-handed when no shoppers thought to bring pepper spray?
The long-simmering Cincinnati Bengals and Reds lease controversies could be about to boil over, as the Hamilton County Commission appears set to approve a property-tax cut that was promised as part of the stadium deals, but which there’s now no money for:
If Republican Chris Monzel and Democrat Todd Portune do that — and both of their plans have been deemed not practical by the county administrator — the stadium fund will be bankrupt by March.
That will leave Hamilton County Auditor Dusty Rhodes without the cash to meet all the obligations in the sales tax fund.
“It would be the height of irresponsibly to commit funds they knew were not there,” Rhodes said. “I’ve long criticized various governments for living in dream world.
“This takes it to a whole new level,” Rhodes said.
Backing up a bit: What happened here is that when Hamilton County raised sales taxes by 0.5% in 1996 to pay for new stadiums, it designated 30% of the proceeds to rolling back property taxes. Unfortunately, this happened, which meant that sales tax proceeds fell short of what was needed to pay off both the stadiums and the property tax cut.
Monzel and Portune have different ideas about what to do next: The Republican wants to sell a hospital to raise $13 million, but any proceeds there might need to be reserved for medical care. Portune, meanwhile, wants to raise money by hosting more events at the stadiums, getting the teams to pay up-front costs of repairs, and other lease concessions, something he’s tried before to no avail. More likely is that the county has to dip into its general fund reserve, which could affect the city’s bond rating or even, according to Hamilton County Administrator Christian Sigman, prompt a state takeover of the county’s finances.
It seems clear that somebody is going to have to blink — just don’t bet on it being the Reds or the Bengals, since neither of them has any incentive to, thanks to having those sweetheart lease deals in their back pockets.
The Cincinnati Enquirer ran a long article on Sunday looking at Hamilton County’s lease woes with the Cincinnati Reds and Bengals, and looking at how other cities solved similar revenue shortfalls. The findings:
- Indianapolis raised sales and hotel taxes, plus redirected tax revenue from the stadium area to pay off construction bonds on the Colts‘ stadium.
- Cleveland sold off naming rights to Jacobs Field (now Progressive Field) and Gund Arena (now Quicken Arena), which had formerly been named for the Indians‘ and Cavaliers‘ owners.
- Orlando has scrapped a planned performing arts center* and cut back on police, fire, and road services to fill funding shortfalls on the Magic‘s new arena.
In other words, options for Hamilton County include raising taxes, cutting spending, or selling off anything that isn’t nailed down — sound familiar? Other already rejected options include declaring bankruptcy (would destroy the county’s reputation), selling the stadiums (no one will buy them), raising ticket taxes (the leases prohibit it, though it’s possible a voter referendum could get around this), default on the agreement to pay into Cincinnati’s public schools fund to make up for lost property taxes on the stadiums (school bondholders could sue), refinance the bonds (won’t save much money), buy the Bengals (too expensive), or end a riverfront development project (very little of that funding comes from the stadium tax fund).
The problem is that the damage was done when Hamilton County agreed to build the stadiums and agreed to those godawful leases; now, as I told the Enquirer, “The teams say, ‘You made a deal and if you got the short end of the stick, that’s not our problem.” At this point, barring a ticket-tax end run, the county seems like it’s going to have to pay off its stadium debt out of taxpayer pockets one way or another — unless they can find a way to retroactively revise the leases using time-traveling neutrinos.
*UPDATE: The Orlando performing arts center informs me that construction is underway for phase one of the project, with a groundbreaking having taken place in June. It’s phase two that’s currently not scheduled, according to the center, “due to construction timing.”
Good, long article in yesterday’s Wall Street Journal on the financial woes of the Cincinnati Bengals‘ Paul Brown Stadium — or rather, the financial woes of Hamilton County, which built the place in 2000 and within four years was suing on the grounds it had been hoodwinked into a sweetheart deal. Among the article’s highlights:
- The initial $280 million price tag ultimately swelled to $350 million (if you believe the Bengals), or $454 million (according to the county), or $555 million (according to Harvard stadium expert Judith Grant Long, whose long-awaited book Full Count, I am assured, really is due out any month now). This last figure would set a record for public subsidies for an NFL stadium.
- As a result, the county has been facing steep debt payments: $34.6 million in 2010, equal to 16.4% of the county budget. As a result, the county has been slashing funding for things like schools, the sheriff’s department, and youth programs, and is now set to repeal the property tax reduction that was the carrot to get county residents to approve the Bengals stadium (and an accompanying Reds stadium) in the first place.
- Hamilton County hamstrung its own finances by agreeing to let the Bengals collect all parking revenues at the new stadium, while the public picked up all security costs. The team put pressure on the county by saying it would move to Baltimore without a sweetheart deal — but documents from the time indicate that Baltimore’s offer was capped at $200 million in public funds, and would not cover operating costs.
- Even on the field, the new stadium has underperformed: “The Bengals had said that with a new stadium, the team’s revenue would increase, allowing it to sign better players, win more games and attract more fans to the area. In 2000, the new stadium’s first year, the Bengals had the same record they’d had the previous year, 4-12. Since then, the team has managed just two winning seasons in the new facility. Its attendance levels have actually dropped.”
The problem, it seems, is that unlike in other municipalities, Hamilton County footed the entire stadium bill itself — and counted on a 0.5% sales tax hike to make the bond payments. When sales tax revenues didn’t grow at the rate the county had hoped, it was left with a budget hole that’s grown progressively larger.
(The Bengals have since responded with a two-page letter that asserts that it’s the county’s fault for making a lousy deal, and anyway the real problem is the county took part of the sales-tax proceeds and wasted it on things like roads and public schools.)
One hopes this will be a cautionary tale for other local governments negotiating leases, but it probably won’t be, for reasons already discussed here. In case any local elected officials with lease talks on their agenda are reading this, though, here’s a handy crib sheet of quotes from the WSJ report on the Bengals fiasco to reference in your hearing testimony:
“The Cincinnati deal combined taking on a gargantuan responsibility with setting new records for optimistic forecasting,” says Roger Noll, a professor of economics at Stanford University who has written about the deal. “It takes both to put you in a deep hole, and that’s a pretty deep hole.”
“It’s the monster that ate the public sector,” says Mark Reed, Hamilton County’s juvenile court administrator.
Tom Luken, a former Cincinnati mayor and councilman, actively campaigned against the deal. “Anybody with half a brain can figure that this is a bad deal,” he says. “As it turned out, it was even worse than they painted it.”
And finally, the punchline: Hamilton County commissioners are set to vote today on spending another $307,000 on the stadium, to upgrade its instant-replay system from analog to digital — stadium upgrades being the county’s responsibility as part of that lease that taxpayers arm-twisted the Bengals into accepting. Next step: holography!